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Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

1 edition of Metabolic fate of herbicides in plants found in the catalog.

Metabolic fate of herbicides in plants

C. R. Swanson

Metabolic fate of herbicides in plants

by C. R. Swanson

  • 57 Want to read
  • 11 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service in [Beltsville, Md.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Control,
  • Herbicide resistance,
  • Weeds

  • Edition Notes

    StatementC. R. Swanson
    SeriesARS 34 -- 66, ARS 34 -- 66.
    ContributionsUnited States. Agricultural Research Service. Crops Research Division, Metabolism and Radiation Research Laboratory (Fargo, N. Dak.)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination36 p. ;
    Number of Pages36
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25576440M
    OCLC/WorldCa16415355

    This important publication provides a comprehensive summary of data and information on the metabolism and chemical degradation of agrochemicals in soils, plants and animals. Part 1, Herbicides and Plant Growth Regulators, and Part 2, Insecticides and Fungicides, together provide a major bibliography, as each entry is fully referenced. Contents include metabolic . This important publication provides a comprehensive summary of data and information on the metabolism and chemical degradation of agrochemicals in soils, plants and animals. Part 1, Herbicides and Plant Growth Regulators, and Part 2, Insecticides and Fungicides, together provide a major bibliography, as each entry is fully referenced. Contents include metabolic 5/5(2).

    Herbicides make a spectacular contribution to modern crop production. Yet, for the development of more effective and safer agrochemicals, it is essential to understand how these compounds work in plants and their surroundings. This expanded and fully revised second edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of how . SEBS 38 Herbicides Plant Metabolism (Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series) 1st Edition The final chapters are concerned with mechanisms of herbicide resistance in plants and the possibility of transferring resistance to susceptible crops. A glossary of the most important herbicidal chemicals mentioned in the text is : Paperback.

    Plants have been reported not to metabolize phosphinothricin. In order to reexamine these literature findings, cell suspension cultures of soybean (Glycine max L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and maize (Zea mays L.) were incubated with l-[3, C] maize cells which took up up to 50% of the applied radioactivity four different metabolites were by: Because plants of different species vary in the way in which they take up, transport, and metabolize chemicals in the soil, selective herbicides can be synthesized. This book examines those aspects of plant physiology, principally in crop plants, which can be affected by herbicides; the possibilities that are offered by recombinant DNA.


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Metabolic fate of herbicides in plants by C. R. Swanson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Title. Metabolic fate of herbicides in plants / Related Titles. Series: ARS 34 ; By. Swanson, C. Metabolism and Radiation Research Laboratory (Fargo, N. Dak.). Lecture Metabolism of Herbicides in Plants Herbicide selectivity between a weed and crop can be related to differences in: absorption/uptake, translocation within the plant, and/or metabolism molecular fate of herbicides was described using a 3-phase process.

Only few details are available on metabolic fate of fluazifop-butyl in weed species. Fluazifop acid was the major metabolite in quackgrass (Agropyron repens = Elymus repens) plants treated with fluazifop-butyl, comprising 73% of the extractable radioactivity 24 days after treatment (DAT).Cited by: 4.

Pmediated herbicide metabolism in plants was con-ducted using the phenylurea herbicides, particularly chlor-toluron.

On the whole-plant level, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings exposed to chlortoluron and known cyto-chrome P inhibitors (e.g., piperonyl butoxide or 1-ami-nobenzotriazole) were injured more than plants treated with. As a summary of diverse research information, this second edition of Herbicides and Metabolic fate of herbicides in plants book Physiology is a valuable reference for students and researchers in plant physiology, crop production/protection, plant biochemistry, biotechnology and agriculture.

All libraries in universities, agricultural colleges and research establishments where these. Chemico-physical parameters affe cting the fate of herbicides in soil Th e fat e of h erbi cide s suc h as t hat of an y or ganic molecule released into the environment is determined by their.

Abstract. The rapid increase in the worldwide production and usage of herbicides during the past three decades has been discussed and documented by Ashton and Crafts () and others. The increased agricultural production made possible by these compounds continues to provide the economic stimulus to encourage the development and sale of new by: Herbicides (US: / ˈ ɜːr b ɪ s aɪ d z /, UK: / ˈ h ɜːr-/), also commonly known as weedkillers, are substances used to control unwanted plants.

Selective herbicides control specific weed species, while leaving the desired crop relatively unharmed, while non-selective herbicides (sometimes called total weedkillers in commercial products) can be used to clear waste ground, industrial. This is an excellent book on how herbicides works and on plants' physiology.

Some explanations on the subject seem difficult to understand. However, repeat of reading of those sentences would convince you much deeply of what actually is intended by: The Fate of Herbicides in Soil, Herbicides and Environment, Andreas Kortekamp, IntechOpen, DOI: / Available from: Ilaria Braschi, Carlo Emanuele Gessa and Sonia Blasioli (January 8th ).Cited by: 4.

specifically kill plants. Other familiar pesticides are insecticides, rodenticides, and fungicides. MODE OF ACTION An herbicide’s mode of action is the biochemical or physical mechanism by which it kills plants.

Most herbicides kill plants by disrupting or altering one or more of a their metabolic Size: 62KB. Understanding pesticide metabolism in plants and microorganisms is necessary for pesticide development, for safe and efficient use, as well as for developing pesticide bioremediation strategies for contaminated soil and water.

Pesticide biotransformation may occur via multistep processes known as metabolism or by: Metabolic pathway of 2,4-D EHE in spring wheat pyrazon in plants found that in tolerant sugarbeet and.

redbeet, the herbicide conjugated rapidly in. Abstract. Within the past 5 to 10 years the number of publications on the metabolic fate of synthetic organic pesticides 1 has dramatically increased. Manufacturers of pesticides have recognized the importance of determining the characteristics of degradation and persistence for their products under both aerobic and anaerobic biological by: Recent progress on the behavior and fate of pesticides used in paddy fields, regarding temperature effects, photodecomposition, microbial degradation, soil properties, metabolism in rice plants, safety to fish, mussel and chlorella, fate Cited by: 1.

Most weeds resist herbicides due to alterations in their gene target site. A few now also resist herbicides through nontarget site mechanisms, including metabolism. “Metabolic resistance is the ability of a weed plant to break down or metabolize a Author: Gil Gullickson.

Hubbell JP, Casida JE. Metabolic fate of the N,N-dialkylcarbamoyl moiety of thiocarbamate herbicides in rats and corn. J Agric Food Chem. Mar-Apr; 25 (2)– Casida JE, Gray RA, Tilles H. Thiocarbamate sulfoxides: potent, selective, and biodegradable herbicides.

Science. May 3; ()–Cited by: Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.

1 Metabolic Pathways of Agrochemicals Part 2: Insecticides and Fungicides. metabolic fate of safeners in plants There is a large body of evidence demonstrating that safeners enhance the metabolic activities of Ps, UGTs, GSTs, and MRPs involved in the detoxicative processes for herbicides described above.

An extreme example is L. rigidum population VLR69, with a year field selection history by different herbicides resulting in resistance to at least nine herbicide groups across five different sites of action (Burnet et al., ).We established that metabolic resistance is a major mechanism in this population that likely involves multiple Ps, including some that can be Cited by:.

Selectivity to herbicides can be due to ability of the crop to metabolise herbicides via Ps, an ability that may not be possessed by susceptible weeds. In some cases, however, this metabolism is not enough to prevent crop damage, either because of low rates of P metabolism or phytotoxicity of products produced by these reactions.Conduct physiology and biochemistry research; determine the metabolic fate of herbicides in plants Maintain analytical laboratory equipment and computer hardware and software Develop new liquid or gas chromatographic procedures; utilize radiotracer techniques in plants.Volatility • How likely the herbicide will turn to gas Herbicide Vapor pressure (mm Hg) Relative Volatility Fluridone (Sonar, etc.) 1 x Very low Glyphosate 1 x Very low Imazapyr (Habitat, etc) 2 x Very low Triclopyr amine (Garlon 3A)Triclopyr ester (Garlon 4)File Size: KB.